The Rani ki Vav is a UNESCO World Heritage site.It is recently added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. It is the carved and amazing step well, which is located in the Patan is a small town of Gujrata in India. The Rani ki Vav is built in 1603 by the Udayamati, who is the queen of Patan in the memory of her beloved husband ,king Bhimdev I, who was the son of the founder of the Solanki dynasty of Anahilwada Pattan.
The Rani ki Vav is the 7 storey underground structure, which is finely carved and full with amazing sculpture. After the complete construction of Rani ki Vav , it was completely flooded by Saraswati River. Later on in 1980, it found by the Archeological Survey of India with loads of wonderful sculpture and carving. Due to the excellent sculpture of Rani ki Vav, it was novelized by the archaeological department of Gujarat. The Rani ki Vav is spread in a large area. The length of Rani ki Vav is 64 meter, width is 20 meters and 27 meters deep.
Step wells are a different form of underground water storage and resource systems on the Indian subcontinent, and have been framed since the 3rd millennium BC. They evolved over time from what was basically a pit in sandy soil towards elaborate multi-storey works of art and architecture.
Steps lead down through multiple levels with lines of carved pillars and over 800 sculptures, mostly on Vishnu-avatar themes. Each pillar and each wall are very beautifully carved and sculptured.
Rani-ki-vav is a highly decorated monument with carved panels of sculptures and reliefs representing the height of Maru-Gurjara style of architecture. Most of the sculptures are based on the Dashavatar,which are the incarnations of Lord Vishnu with heart snatching sculpture of Narasimha,Varaha, Rama and Kalki.The major highlight is the scrumptious statue of Mahishasur-Mardini . Apsaras – the angelic beauties showcasing Solah Singar,which are the16 unique styles of makeup is another highlight. Near the water level, you come to a beautiful carving of Sheshashayi Vishnu, in which the lord Vishnu leaned on the thousand-hooded serpent Shesha.
Rani-ki-Vav was made at the wonderful imagination of craftsmen’s art in stepwell construction and it totally based on the Maru-Gurjara architectural style, each and every design of Rani –ki –Vav showing the mastery of this complex technique and great beauty of detail and proportions.
It is designed as a reversed temple mainly concerned about the sanctity of water, it is split into seven levels of stairs with carved panels of high artistic quality; more than 500 main sculptures and over a thousand minor ones combine religious, secular imagery and mythological, often referencing religious literary works.
Gujarat is full with the Heritage sites.It is also famous for wonderful archaeological park and Rani Ki Vav.It is one of the best archeological jewel of India and it is the pride of Gujarat.