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Monthly Archives: July 2014

Pattadakal-A lavish Group of Temples and Monuments In The Depth Of Ancient Era

Pattadakal

Pattadakal

Pattadakal-Group of Monuments is situated about 22 km from the Badami.It is a small village in the Bagalkot district on the bank of river Malaprabha in the state Karnataka. Pattadakal is renowned as the “City of the Crown Rubies”. It is the UNESCO World heritage sites. Pattadakal is a wonderful and ancient magnificent example of great Indian architecture. These Pattadakal monuments were build by the Queen as a gala of conquest of the king Vikramaditya II over the Kanchi Pallavas .

Pattadakal is the cluster of ten beautiful carved temples which are the showcases of the amazing Indian architectural with the great blend of northern and southern archeology. It is situated at the centre of wonderful green lawn. Among the ten temples nine are the Hindu temples and one is the Jain temple. All temples are beautifully carved with various stories and scenes of the great Hindu epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana. The walls of temples also carved with the Goddess, God, demons and battle fields.

Virupaksha Temple

Virupaksha Temple

Virupaksha Temple

Nandi(Black stone Bull)

Nandi(Black stone Bull)

Virupaksha Temple is the largest temple in the Pattadakal campus. This temple is also renowned as the Lokeshvara temple or the Lokapaleshvara.This temple is built in the Dravidian style and it has three entrances. Black stone bull is the great charm of this temple.

Sangameshvara Temple

Sangameshvara Temple

Sangameshvara Temple

Sangameshvara Temple is the oldest temple of the Pattadakal and it is earlier known as the Vijayewara Temple. It was constructed by the Chalukya King, Vijayaditya from AD 696 to AD 733.This temple is decorated by the twenty pillars which are arranged in four rows in the navaranga.Beautiful figures of Nataraja and Ugranarasimha are placed in the walls of temple. Although this temple is incomplete, remains attractive for its architectural excellence.

A Wonderful  Architecture Of Pattadakal

A Wonderful Architecture Of Pattadakal

 

ChandrashekharaTemple
It is the small temple in the campus. It is only 15 feet and located on the left side of the Sangameshwara Temple. This temple has a garbhagriha with sacred Shiva Linga.

MallikarjunaTemple
This temple like as a smaller version of the Virupaksha Temple. It is constructed by the second queen of Vikrmaditya during AD 745 and it is located on the north side of the Virupaksha temple. It is constructed in the Dravidian style. It has eighteen pillars which are decorated with the stories of the Ramayana, Mahabharata and other Hindu epics. All walls are carved with the images of Hindu God and Goddess.

Kashivisvanatha Temple

Kasivisveshwara temple

Kashivisvanatha Temple

The Kashivishvanatha Temple, constructed in the 8th century and it was the last temple built in early Chalukya style. The temple was built in the Nagara style of architecture. It is placed on the north side of the Mallikarjuna temple.

 Galganatha Temple

 Galganatha Temple

Galganatha Temple

Galaganatha temple is constructed between the 8th century.It is constructed in the Rekha Nagara Prasada style. The major specialty of this temple is the sculpture of the Lord Shiva in the posture of killing a demon, Andhakasura. The tower of the temple draft workmanship in the Rekhanagara style.

 Kadasiddheswara Temple

Intricate carvings

Intricate carvings Of Temple

Kadasiddheswara Temple built in the middle of the 7th century. It is lies on a plinth. It is constructed in the Rekha Nagar style.there is a sanctum that install a sacred linga of Lord Shiva. This temple is beautifully carved the images of Shiva , Parvati,river goddess ,Ardhanariswara and many more.

Jambulingeswara Temple

This temple is built in between 7th century. It is same as the Kaidaisiddeshwara temple. The Jambulingeswara temple lies on a plinth with five eaves. All eaves are well carved with beautiful figures of birds, God, Goddess, Shiva, Sun and Vishnu.

Jain Temple

Jain Temple

Elephant In Jain Temple

Jain Temple is located on the Pattadakal Badami road. It is also renowned as the Jaina Narayana Temple.It is built in the Dravindian style.It consist a garbhagriha,a mukhamantapa, a shukanasa and a navaranga.

Another Beautiful Glance Of Temples In Pattadakal

Another Beautiful Glance Of Temples In Pattadakal

 

PapanathaTemple

The construction of the Papanatha Temple started in the Nagara style but later it was built in the Vesara style.It is constructed in AD 680.This temple is full with incredible carvings on the walls and ceilings.

A Lake Side View Of Pattadakal

A Lake Side View Of Pattadakal

Pattadakal is the graceful and amazing showcase of the great art of Chalukyas.Although the construction of some temples remains incomplete but they still possess an attractive and enchanting posture. The ancient sculptures embellished the subjects of women, demons and Gods. It is really marvelous to see the whole complex of monuments standing tall against the desolate of time.

 

 

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Bhimbetka Rock Shelters – Unbelievable Paintings and Stories of Paleolithic

A way to Bhimbetka Rock Shelters

A way to Bhimbetka Rock Shelters

Caves in Bhimbetka

Caves in Bhimbetka

The Bhimbetka rock shelters are situate in the Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh of India. It is an archaeological site of the Paleolithic demonstrating the ancient notches of human life in the India. These amazing rock shelters and paintings were explored by the Dr. Vishnu Shridhar Wakankar in 1957-58.It is a UNESCO World heritage site.

The Bhimbetka rock shelters are the collection of 750 rock shelters from which 500 are inwrought by the paintings. These Stone Age rock paintings are around 30,000 years old. Bhimbetka gets the name Bhimbetka because in the Mahabharata, which is one of the sacred epics of the Hindus, it is written that Bhim or  Bhima used these rock shelters as his sitting place.

Exterior Of  A Rock  Shelter

Exterior Of A Rock Shelter

It is exactly located over 100 meters above the Deccan traps between the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary.There are over 750 rock shelters in this region and more than 400 rock shelters are spread over the five hills in this main area .These five hills are Bineka, Bhimbetka, Bhonrawali,Lakha Juar (east) and Lakha Juar (west).This area is full with dense forest , a cluster of five rock shelters and highly blessed by the natural beauty.

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A Tourist Examine the Rock Shelters

These are the showcases continuous sequence of cultures from Paleolithic to the Historical period. These rock structures decorated with the interesting paintings which define the art and culture of ancient people, Hunting, dancing, drinking, various animals, animal fighting, people, childbirth scenes, linear depiction of human figures hunting, warfare and the day to day activities of the men explained by the these painting on the walls of caves.

Red Color Paintings On The Rock

Red Color Paintings On The Rock

White Color Elephant

White Color Elephant

White, green, red and yellow are the colors which are used in the paintings. Paintings which are painted with white colors are the oldest paintings. Red colors made painting are less old and basically rd colors painting present the pictures of horses, bow and arrow.

Most of the walls of caves are decorated with colorful paintings. All paintings are ancient but some paintings are more than thousands years old and about the people and animal hunting scenes. Red colors paintings are clearly visible, all yellow and green color paintings are not perfectly visible but only some are visible.

There are some rock shelters which are very popular and special among all. Likes:

Rock Shelter One:

Painting On The Ceiling

Painting On The Ceiling

This shelter is a cluster of amazing paintings of the historic period. The upper ceiling of this rock shelter has a painting of two elephants. Both elephant has long tusks and smaller elephant is driven by a man, which holding a goad in one hand. There are lots of paintings of men and animals. Each and every painting has a deep story about that period.

 Rock Shelter Three:

Painting In  The Rock Shelter Three

Painting In The Rock Shelter Three

This is also known as auditorium due to its huge shape. It is about Thirty nine meters long, four meter wide and seventeen meter high at the western end. This rock shelter has paintings of buffaloes, deer, bulls, a peacock, tiger, and hand print of a child.

Zoo Rock:

Paintings Of Animals On Zoo Rock

Paintings Of Animals On Zoo Rock

“Zoo Rock” is one of the popular rock shelters which are full with the drawings of deer, sambar, bison and elephants. The shape of this shelter is semicircular. There are total 453 figures .Among the 453 figures 252 figures of animals are there. On account of the huge number and variety of animal paintings, it is renowned as Zoo Rock.

View point and river basin:

Tortoise  Shaped Rock

Tortoise Shaped Rock

This rock is look likes a tortoise.The most of the paintings of this rock shelter based on the geometrical designs.

Boar Rock:

Boar Rock

Boar Rock

It is mushroom shaped rock shelter and it popular as Boar rock due to a giant figure painted on the rock surface. Marvelous figures of boar, men and animals have decorated the walls of this shelter.Bhimbetka Rock shelters are really a priceless heritage of India. Paintings of these rock shelters are the showcases of seven historic ancient periods.

See here Madhya Pradesh Heritage sites:

Khajuraho-A UNESCO World Heritage Site In Madhya Pradesh

Sanchi-A Sacred Place Of Lord Buddha and One Of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Of Madhya Pradesh

 

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