The Deserted Mughal City – Fatehpur Sikri

03 Oct

Fatehpur Sikri is an added attraction among the popular destinations of the Golden triangle circuit tour in northern India. This city lies just outside Agra and is a major tourist attraction while traveling from Jaipur to Agra or visa versa. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar during the second half of the 16th century. Emperor Akbar built many buildings during his empire and his unique architecture renowned even now by the people due to which it is in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.

Panoramic view of Fahpur Sikri

Panoramic view of Fahpur Sikri Palace

This historic site was founded by the Akbar who was searching for a new capital for his empire. He took a keen interest in the designs and construction of the buildings. Red sandstone was extensively used in the construction of this city because of its easy availability in the nearby areas of Fatehpur Sikri. The resulting city after fifteen years of hard work was a grand beauty in red stone but was soon deserted due to the lack of water system. It remained untouched for more than 400 years and remains of Mughal heritage are available there even now.

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri – Image by Siva Vasanth on

Some of the important buildings located in Fatehpur Sikri that are worth visiting sites are as follows:-

Buland Darwaja: – It is the largest gateway 550 meters high in the world. It is sometimes called the Gate of Magnificence. The central portico comprises of arched entrances and the largest arch is placed in the center, so known by the local people as the Horseshoe Gate. Outside the Darwaja, there is deep well. It is an astounding piece of architecture of Mughal Empire.

Buland Darwaja

Buland Darwaja

Tomb of Salim Chisti: – It is a white marble tomb located within the Jama mosque’s courtyard. This single storey structure was built around a central square chamber and within which there is the grave of the saint.

Tomb of Salim Chishti

Tomb of Salim Chishti

Naubat Khana: – Naubat Khana is basically a drum house located near the entry point where significant arrivals are announced.

Naubat Khana - Fatehpur Sikri

Naubat Khana – Image by Glee Bean on

Diwan-e-Aam: – It is a famous hall of public audience where the rulers meet the general public and resolve their problems.


Diwan-e-Aam – Image by SuprateekaHegde on

Diwan-e-Khaas: – It is a hall of private audience and popular for its huge central pillar as it has thirty-six volute brackets supporting a circular platform. It is said that here Akbar had different representatives of different religions who discuss their faiths over there.



Raja Birbal’s House: – Birbal’s house is the house of Akbar’s favorite minister who was a Hindu and a wise man. The building has a unique architecture, the horizontal sloping sunshades or chajjas give it a unique look.

House of Raja Birbal

Raja Birbal’s Palace – Image by rustyproof on

Mariam-uz-Zamani’s Palace: – This building shows Gujarati influence and is built around a courtyard and special care is being taken to ensure privacy.

Mariam-uz-Zamani's Palace

Mariam-uz-Zamani’s Palace – Image by octopuzz on

Panch Mahal: – It is a five storied structure consists of intricately carved columns especially on the bottom floor. On the ground floor, it has 176 carved columns that make it a unique structure.

Panch Mahal

Panch Mahal – Image by Walwyn on

Jama Masjid: – It is a mosque which is the first building that built in the whole complex of Fatehpur Sikri. A notable feature of the mosque is the row of chariot located there for over the centuries.

Jama Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri

Jama Masjid – Image by xiquinhosilva on

Other buildings of the city include Taksal, Daftar Khana, Karkhanas, Khazana, Turkic styled Baths, Darogha’s Quarters, Stables, Caravan Sarai, etc. So, visiting this city give you the feeling that it’s a ghost city as it is totally deserted and nobody lives here. After visiting that you will never forget the city’s architecture that is famous all over India and visited by a large number of people.


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17 responses to “The Deserted Mughal City – Fatehpur Sikri

  1. 10eveningflowers

    October 3, 2013 at 9:12 am

    lovely picture!!

  2. Geedebee

    October 3, 2013 at 10:46 am

    Lovely pictures, your blog is a real advertisement for your beautiful country.

    Greetings from Belgium.

  3. Sonnja

    October 3, 2013 at 11:29 am

    You have make beautiful pictures!
    Greetings, RW & SK

  4. ladyfi

    October 3, 2013 at 12:18 pm

    Wow – how utterly gorgeous.

  5. Amresh Kumar

    October 3, 2013 at 12:33 pm

    wow !! wonderful and Interesting post

  6. Harsha

    October 3, 2013 at 12:36 pm

    Wow,This Place looks Grand and What a Lovely Panoramic Capture.. 🙂

  7. djmrakiey

    October 3, 2013 at 2:44 pm

    The architectural details are amazing ! thanks for stopping by.

  8. ventisqueras

    October 3, 2013 at 4:05 pm

    troppa bellezza mi fa girare la testa!

    too much beauty it makes me dizzy!
    Thank you

  9. bnomadic

    October 3, 2013 at 5:42 pm

    Very very beautiful frames. Thanks for sharing.

  10. Divya

    October 3, 2013 at 6:37 pm

    Wonderful pictures ! The architecture is so beautiful and grand, love it. 🙂

  11. Crischo

    October 3, 2013 at 7:04 pm

    It’s always a joy to read your posts with such wonderful photos of awesome places !

  12. Pamela

    October 3, 2013 at 8:51 pm


  13. annetbell

    October 7, 2013 at 12:23 pm

    Beautiful pictures……beautiful site! Namaste. . . .

  14. arjun bagga

    October 21, 2013 at 6:43 pm

    I’ll never forget this place, some bitter sweet memories. The steps and Buland Darwaja is outstanding. Thank you sharing them.


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