Jantar Mantar Observatory is one of the famous UNESCO listed heritage sites of Rajasthan. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Mughal Commander who served Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and his successors. Jai Singh II built his new capital of Jaipur between 1727 and 1734. He had constructed a total of five such houses of instruments, but at different locations, including one in Delhi. The Jaipur Observatory is the largest and best preserved of these and has a set of some 20 main fixed instruments placed in it in an elegant manner. It is just an expression of the astronomical skills and cosmological concepts.
There are many observatories built all over the world, but the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is considered to be one of the largest observations ever built. Being the largest observatory, it also houses the world’s largest sundial in it. Due to the people’s lots of interest in the Universe and the Cosmos, Maharaja compelled to build this observatory. The people interested in these things can move to this place as it is a right place for them.
This observatory is a perfect combination of the astronomical intelligence with the typical heritage of Rajasthan. On one side of it, the instruments symbolize the astronomical predictions and on the other side, the same marble made instrument honors the heritage of the state. Even though, it was built in the early days, the main importance of this national monument can still be felt by anyone. Due to this, it is the heritage placed on the list of pride of Rajasthan.
The architecture of the astronomical observatory is very elegant. The observatory consists of fourteen major geometric devices especially located there for measuring time, predicting eclipses, tracking stars’ location, etc. Each instrument is a fixed and ‘focussed’ tool. The Samrat Yantra, the largest instrument, which is 90 feet high and the shadow of it is properly plotted to tell the exact time of day. The main face of this instrument is angled at 27 degrees, which is the latitude of Jaipur. The Hindu Chhatri located on top is used as a platform for announcing eclipses and the arrival of monsoons in the medieval era. It was renovated from time to time and houses the above said instruments that provide precise measurements of time, the azimuth, declination of the sun and the positions of constellations along with several other astronomical phenomena.
This famous Jantar Mantar is a gleaming reminder of the royal heritage of Jaipur and stands as a royal affidavit to a former epoch. This beautiful structure still manages to captivate the attention of tourists and astronomy enthusiasts towards it. It is an intriguing structure, and is a must visit place in Jaipur.
Jantar Mantars houses multiple unique buildings and each with a specialized function for astronomical measurement. These structures have striking combinations of geometric forms have captivated the attention of architects, artists, and art historians from across the globe. Though it was built in old times, no one can doubt the accuracy and prediction of astronomy through these instruments. Today, Jantar Mantar is one of the popular attractions for the tourists and travelers to Jaipur and it does not leave the impression of excellent architecture only, but also the idea and amazement involved in the interpretations of astrology. “Jantar Mantar”, “the house of instruments”, “the pride of the pink city” are some of the common and popular names given to this observatory. It is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Rajasthan.